Every year, over one million Australians are injured during sport or recreational activity. Over 500,000 people will report a long-term condition resulting from a sporting injury.
WHAT IS SPORTS AND EXERCISE INJURY?
Is sport, physical activity and exercise part of your daily life? Do you keep fit or train to improve your performance? Are you an athlete where an injury can impact on your career?
The health benefits of sport and exercise are well known. But the benefits of sport and exercise can come at a high price.
Injury is the other side of sport and exercise. Sports injury is the damage or harm to a person’s body that results from sport, physical activity and exercise.
CAUSES OF SPORTS & EXERCISE INJURY
Sports and exercise injury can be caused by contact between people and objects. A hard, impactful collision may cause soft tissue injury or bruising.
It may be the due to an awkward, twisted landing, such as an ankle sprain. Such injuries can occur suddenly, from clearly identifiable events.
Or the causes of an injury may not be known. In any case, it is important to address both the cause of the injury and the pain.
Short and Long-term Injuries
An injury that occurs suddenly, often as the result of the body experiencing an irregular impact, movement or positioning.
Signs of an acute injury can include:
- Sudden, severe pain
- Swelling, discolouration
- Muscle spasm or involuntary movements
- Inability to hold weight
- Limited mobility
- limb weakness
- Visible distortion or displacement
The injury starts to heal but is subjected to additional strains prior to having completely recovered.
An injury in this stage may cause:
- Pain at sporadic intervals
- Bruising without any noticeable impact incidents
- Gradually decreasing range of movement
- Mild but persistent swelling and/or inflammation
- Discomfort resulting from otherwise regular, mild activity or movement.
An injury that occurred some time ago, but appears to be healing very slowly, or not at all – the pain is ongoing.
Signs of a chronic injury:
- Persistent pain after sleeping or rest periods
- Pain when performing even the most basic activities
- limbs freezing up or locking into place
- Notable changes in the way we move or position ourselves when resting or being still